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Why Pi day is awesome

Today is the day we’ve come full circle (like every other year) to celebrate the brilliance of the mathematical discovery of Pi. The first known large-scale celebration of Pi day was in 1988, coincidentally the same year I was born. Presumably, this explains my exceptional(ly poor) mathematical skills. Thanks to the physicist Larry Shaw, who ingeniously (obviously) chose the celebration date for Pi day to be on March 14th,we now have at least two excuses a year to indulge ourselves with way too much of this circular treat.. Yeah, you read that right; here in the US we have not one, but two yearly celebrations of pie. The second one is January 23rd, in case you’re wondering. But enough about Pie though, today is Pi day after all.

Although not everyone agrees, some people claim the Egyptians were among the first to use a close approximation of pi (22/7) as early as 2500BC. Both Egypt and Babylon have the earliest written estimations of pi within one percent which leads one to wonder why the pyramids were not pie shaped. Evidence found in Babylon and Egypt included a clay tablet and the Rhind Papyrus which both date back to approximately 1900 – 1600 BC.

And then there was Archimedes. His geometric approach really shaped the way mathematicians calculated pi for centuries. Good ol’ Archimedes drew a circle with a hexagon on the inside and outside of the circle. He then created similar drawings with polygons up to 96-sides, using these many sided polygons to estimate the value of pi. The only way Archimedes was getting around these polygon perimeters was with cold, hard calculations. The more sides his polygon had, the closer Archimedes could get to the true value of pi. These polygonal algorithms would be used for over 9,000…excuse me, over 1,000 years. But Archimedes’ shapely math continued to be relevant in our millennium. In 1630, mathematicians were able to use Archimedes’ algorithm to reach 39 digits of pi.

Pi Archimedes

Bonus pun (RYOR – read at your own risk):

Q: You know what a circle is made out of?

A: Plenty of Archs.

The Top 3 Most Outlandish Present Day Pi Day Celebrations

1. A night of Pi-fect joy

In 2013 on pi day, Cal Tech students had their own late night (or early morning) pie eating pi party. These calculating students spared no calculator in computing a night of pi-fection. 130 pies were laid outside the student housing with 26 each of five pies. These math wizards planned on 3/14 at 1:59 a.m. to have the amount of pies they made all to equal the first five digits of Pi, 3.14159265.

2. Religiously Pi

At the San Francisco Exploratorium, math geeks got to march around the Pi shrine 3.14 times. Attendees choose between singing praises to the math god or singing happy birthday to Albert Einstein whose birthday coincidentally falls on Pi day (let the conspiracies begin). This Pi parade of sorts was led by Larry Shaw, the physicist responsible for turning Pi day into a national phenomenon.

3. Multi-tasking with Pi

As if rivaling Archimedes’ computational acrobatics, a woman named Teresa Miller recited the first 450 digits of pi while simultaneously solving a rubix cube and hula hooping in 2010. And I thought rubbing my stomach and patting my head at the same time was hard enough!

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We finally have a trailer for Jeff Vandermeer’s Annihilation, and it looks incredible!

After I read Borne: A Novel I was informed that Jeff Vandermeer would be doing a reading and book signing close by. Admittedly it was my girlfriend who even suggested I read Borne and try a different author since I had been only reading Orson Scott Card novels. I couldn’t have been happier that I made the decision to branch out. If you want to know more about Borne, I wrote a review a while back. Click here to read it.

At Mr. Vandermeer’s signing I was able to pick up a beautiful hardcover copy of the Area X: The Southern Reach Trilogy: Annihilation; Authority; Acceptance. I had heard from some of the other guests that he had a book being turned into a film which happened to be the first book of the trilogy. It’s been about seven months since I purchased the trilogy and, full disclosure, I haven’t gotten to it yet. (I’m building a highly diverse antilibrary.) My leisure reading has lessened with the busyness of the holidays, and I’ve made some promises to read a few other books before I get into this trio. Nevertheless, I can always count on my wonderful girlfriend to point me in the direction of some great Sci-Fi (it’s like she knows me or something). I watched the trailer and immediately had to pick my jaw off the floor. For those who haven’t seen it, here it is in all its glory:

Now I’ll be the first to admit, since I haven’t read the book yet I’m not too familiar with the universe Jeff Vandermeer has created in this trilogy. Anytime a sci-fi book gets turned into a film I watch it. I’m not one of those people that always says, “The book was better.” I always try to give a film the benefit of the doubt. That’s why I enjoy them whether or not I have read the book. After I watch the film then I’m able to dive into the book with a concept of the premise but will get a much deeper understanding of the universe, characters, and overarching tone. After watching this trailer, I am pumped and ready to watch the film and read the book!

For those of you who’ve read my post on Ender’s Game you know that the movie is what got me interested in the series. I want to know what you guys think: will you be watching Annihilation? Have you read the book yet?

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Top 10 SciFi short stories for people in a hurry!

I didn’t choose the highway life, the highway life chose me. Since I spent an enormous amount of time on the road driving to and from work, being able to listen to short stories makes it simple to stay on top of my reading. Most of these SciFi shorts have an audio version from the always excellent Clarkesworld Magazine. That being said, this month’s list features stories from the good old hard copy anthology, The Big Book of Science Fiction, edited by Ann & Jeff Vandermeer. Definitely worth picking up if you love Science fiction but want it in easily digestible, expertly curated chunks. Anyway, enjoy this month’s top 10 SciFi shorts and let me know which is your favorite below.

Short Stories You Should Read This December

  1. The Significance of Significance by Robert Reed

In this short, scientists have discovered and proven something we’ve all be speculating—that we are living inside a simulated realty. This short tackles a lot of the moral conundrums facing humanity if they knew this to be true. The protagonist, Sarah, makes some interesting decisions based on this knowledge that lead her to follow a morally questionable life, but given the information humankind knows, are her actions truly despicable?

Text version here

Audio Version here

  1. Last Chance by Nicole Kornher-Stace

In this post-apocalyptic tale, much of human technology is gone and the rest is now scavenged for because of its value. Our protagonists, a young girl and her mother, get separated by raiders who enslave children and force them to scavenge small and dangerous areas. The children sometimes compete among themselves to find the best stuff so they will get preferential treatment and bigger portions of food. What happens when the child stumbles across something extremely valuable but inexplicable? Could this be her key to freedom?

Text version: here

Audio version: here

  1. Forever Bound by Joe Haldeman

Sometime in the near future, a war breaks out. The US inevitably reinstates the draft and even graduate students aren’t safe from military service. The protagonist is forced into a special infantry unit operating mechanized fighting machines called “Soldier Boys” (no, not the rapper). All operators have to learn how to be “jacked” (plugging into other team members’ and the machine’s own consciousness). The intrusive process connects you intimately with your entire team exposing all your deepest secrets, thoughts, and wishes. To complicate matters, Halderman’s protagonist falls in love with one of his fellow team members. Halderman’s story explores the dangers of overuse of technology on a deep level. Can technology actually deepen our connection to other individuals, leading to an unhealthy attachment to one person?

Text version: here

Audio version: here

  1. Travelers by Rich Larson

Think the movie Passengers if Chris Pratt was a demented cannibal and you have the short story “Travelers.” When the protagonist is awakened from “torpor,” she quickly realizes something is off about the only other awakened crew member. What is he planning and why? This is a short and suspenseful read that will have you on the edge of your seat.

Text version: here

Audio version: here

  1. The Ways Out by Sam J. Miller

In a mutant-filled world reminiscent of the X-men universe, the government has taken some very serious precautions to keep “mutants” in check. Utilizing state-of-the-art surveillance algorithms, they can predict where you’ll be and extrapolate whether you’ll be a future threat based on an individual’s special abilities. The meeting of two specific mutants with very unique abilities and a dash of cunning however, might just be enough to trick the system and allow them to wrench themselves free of their shackles.

Text version: here

Audio version: here  

  1. A Modest Genius by Vadim Shefner

Translated by Matthew J. O’Connell

Our main character, Sergei Kladesev, is a natural born genius. More often than not, he can solve his own issues and humanity’s using his own inventions. Despite his miraculous inventions he still struggles to find fulfillment in life chasing love in all the wrong places, or rather wrong people. When he finally finds someone whom he has a romantic interest in, his inventions end up ruining the opportunity. Will our uncharismatic but well intentioned genius get a second chance?

You can find this short in “The Big Book of Science Fiction” edited by Ann & Jeff Vandermeer

  1. Retrieval by Suzanne Walker

Retriever refers to a job class that finds tormented souls and returns them to where they belong so they can be at peace. In this short our main character works as one of these retrievers helping souls  find their way back to the afterlife. This is more easily done when a soul dies on a planet, but when a soul perishes in the void of space it undergoes the worst kind of torment. The protagonist learns that her father was executed by a tyrannical governing body called the Protectorate in this void of space. How will she find her father’s soul and more importantly will it come willingly back to planetside?

Text version: here

Audio version: here

  1. Swarm by Bruce Sterling

Sometime in the future when humanity has begun to explore space, humans encounter alien races waiting for human technology to develop sufficiently before making contact. During that time humankind has divided into different factions. The Mechanists have given up their humanity to integrate themselves more and more with machines and the Reshaped which are genetically altered to be highly intelligent and efficient. Sterling’s protagonist, Captain-Doctor Afriel, has been tasked with studying a newly discovered species called the Swarm which seem to be the first “unintelligent” life to travel space. With the ultimate goal of learning something from the swarm that could give the Reshapers an edge against the Mechanist, Afriel gets to work trying to understand these creatures but quickly finds out that he may have bitten off more than he can chew.

You can find this short in “Big book of science fiction” edited by Ann & Jeff Vandermeer

  1. Prasetyo Plastics by D.A. Xiaolin Spires

In the not-so-distant future a genius named Ali begins his career in the 3D printer world as a plastics engineer. Although there are many competing materials, plastics are clearly overtaking the industry because even hobbyists can purchase basic equipment to get started 3D printing at home. Imagine humanity debating over the use of plastic as it pollutes the environment while Ali is further innovating and creating plastics that can be used for space travel and protect against solar radiation. Sound familiar? What would happen when your invention starts to form a sentience of its own? A thought provoking short with clear parallels to today’s environmental struggles, “Prasetyo” is a fantastic story for anyone looking to read the latest in environmentally conscious sci-fi.

Text version: here

Audio version: here

  1. Martian Blood by Allen M. Steele

Humans have finally done it, they colonized Mars. After discovering there were already indigenous people living on the red planet, humanity builds casinos and luxury hotels, of course. Steele’s story is told from the point of view of a local guide named Jim. For the right price, Jim can take eager tourists through the deserts of Mars with the hopes of meeting its native inhabitants. Jim’s upcoming client is a professor and researcher in astrobiology who wants to collect blood samples from the natives in order to prove or disprove the panspermia theory. What conflicts might arise if the theory is proven to be true (if the inhabitants of Mars are shown to be descendants of Earthlings)?

Text version: here

Audio version: here

If you love SciFi shorts definitely pick up this little gem below.

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Why Elon Musk’s Hyperloop is a big deal

If you’ve been keeping up with the news lately you’ve probably seen a headline or two about some Hyperloop thing right? It seems like Elon Musk is making headway in so many industries that it’s hard to keep up with. SOOoooo what’s all the “hype”(rloop) about? I’m glad you asked. Hyperloop one started with the idea that we could all be traveling in high-speed vacuumed sealed tubes in the future much like the Jetsons. This is amazing because it would allow us to travel really long distances in fairly short amounts of time. One of Hyperloop’s videos even said something like “If you could travel 300 miles in 30 minutes where would you live?” Think about that, you could work in a different state if you wanted! Probably the most exciting thing about it can be captured in this quote directly from the Hyperloop website.

“Hyperloop systems will be built on columns or tunneled below ground to avoid dangerous grade crossings and wildlife. It’s fully autonomous and enclosed, eliminating pilot error and weather hazards. It’s safe and clean, with no direct carbon emissions.”

Efficient, safe, environmentally friendly, and this thing can travel at airliner speeds the only thing better would be teleportation! Could I get anymore onboard this train…I mean Hyperloop? So the main reason you’re hearing more about it on the news lately is because they successfully tested shooting a transportation pod down this tube and it was able to reach a speed of 192mph! Check out the video below.

It’s because of this test that they can now move onto the next phase of commercialization. reports that Hyperloop plans on having three systems in production somewhere around the world by 2021. Now for those of you thinking that 200mph isn’t all THAT fast, it’s important to note these are still early testing and they do expect the speeds to get much higher so we have something to look forward to. All I can say is, what a time to be alive. Let me know what you think about the Hyperloop in a comment below! Love it, hate it, I want to know why!

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Is Artificial Intelligence good or bad? (Part 2)

Following up on a previous post on Artificial intelligence (found here), we touched on a few topics regarding whether AI has morals. If they do how do they get these morals? Are they truly unbiased or unprejudiced? Is all this even worth worrying about? The field of artificial intelligence is so interesting because so many influential and intelligent people have many varying viewpoints. In fact just recently Mark Zuckerburg (owner of Facebook) and Elon Musk (Owner of Tesla) got into a disagreement on the topic.



In the above video we see theoretical physicist Michio Kaku discussing the points that both Mark Zuckerburg and Elon Musk are making. Although I personally admire both entrepreneurs for how they’ve revolutionized our lives I think Zuckerburg may be a little too optimistic on this front. Machines have already been weaponized in the past and will continue to be weaponized but what happens when you no longer have a machine controlled by a human and its job is still to kill people? (Like some sort or intelligent tank or drone) How does an intelligent machine make its killing decisions? What if something goes wrong with its programming? I suppose you could ask the same of Elon Musk’s Tesla? What happens if its decision gets someone killed? We already know that statistically speaking computers will make less mistakes than humans, but as humans we still feel a perhaps overreaction to an accident if it was caused by AI rather than a human. At least a human we can hold responsible by taking legal action of some sort giving us some kind of relief but a machine? Sure you can scrap the one, sue the company, but the same software will likely be on another car right? Although I agree with Elon that we should be wary to develop AI and it’s better to develop it slowly so we can understand it better, It’s also amusing because autonomous vehicles haven’t seen much in regulation since their inception (although according to this article Congress is supposed to start soon) and they pose a similar risk albeit not as large of a scale as exponential AI.

Then something amazing happened, like an ominous prophecy coming to fruition we started to see click-bait articles like this claiming Facebook HAD to shut down their AI because they invented their own language and were speaking in code in front of their human creators. Well before jumping on the bandwagon (which I admit-ably almost did) I checked the Snopes fact checker and turns out the whole purpose of the experiment was to improve “AI-to-human” communication. So even though I lean on the “AI will probably eventually kill us team” it’s still important to know that we’re just starting to be able to develop and research these topics ourselves so we should be cautious but also not jump to conclusions.

With all this back and forth about AI I want to know what YOU think! Leave a comment below telling us how you feel about AI, Elon Musk, Mark Zuckerburg, or anything else AI related.

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Scientific literacy is more important than ever!

For those of you who don’t know, I live in the United States. In this country our President believes climate change is a Hoax, celebrities believe and teach the world is flat, and more conspiracy theories are popping up every day; Science literacy is becoming one of the biggest issue we’ll face as a country. Some might be frighten by the term but it doesn’t have to be something that inspires fear in us, in fact becoming science literate can be very empowering. What being scientifically literate means that we look at things around us with healthy skepticism and learn to question things in a way that discovers the truth. We do this easy enough as children when we start jumping on the bed after being told not to, we question “Well why shouldn’t I jump? It’s fun after all!” eventually we lose our footing, jump too far, go too high, and we propel ourselves off the bed onto the much less inviting floor or piece of furniture and sustain an injury. By going through this process we find that yes jumping on the bed is indeed fun but there can be serious consequences, like gaining a new bruise or scrape so our future jump sessions (if we continue to pursue them for fun’s sake) are done more cautiously to minimize chance of injury. This process is how we learn and more and more people are willing to read memes, or click-bait articles (I’m guilty of this), and national-inquire-like webpages and take it as the gospel without ever questioning it. How ridiculous that we could so easily allow ourselves to align our thought with something that didn’t have substantial proof to back it up. My favorite Astrophysicist Neil DeGrasse Tyson explains it best in this short video:

Our education system stifles curiosity by teaching to test, we allow profit-driven companies to push their “standardized testing” down our children’s throats while their creativity and curiosity are suppressed. A company in business will always be in business for the main purpose of creating a profit, if they make money each time parents have to pay for their child to take the test what will the company want to do? Think of all the great minds being silenced or hushed because our teachers our overburden by the pressure of producing good test-takers instead of cultivating a healthy curiosity. In a country where we have “alternate Facts” I think our populace really needs to look in the mirror and ask, do we really want to become like the film Idiocracy? Luckily there are many pioneers that are working tirelessly to combat this emerging anti-intellectual disease (AKA the real zombie apocalypse), check out this Kickstarter to help cultivate curiosity and teach using video games led by Neil DeGrasse Tyson, Bill Nye, Big Red Button Entertainment, and more!

Check it out here

It’s worth noting that I’m in no way involved with this project and will not profit from its success, I simply think it’s a great project and a potential solution or aid to making America smart again. If you’re reading this I’d highly encourage you check it out yourself and if you think it’s a good idea share it. Getting back to the issue at hand, Science is a tool for discovering truth so when people say things like “we didn’t go to the moon”, “GMOs are bad”, “Vaccines cause autism” and more and more people would rather believe that than take the necessary time to learn the reasons why those things are not true, we have a problem. Don’t get me wrong, I’ve been on the GMO side before but I’ve since looked at the science myself and now I’m not against GMOs, I’m more concerned now about the morality of what some of the companies do with the technology (which IS the conversation we should have), but the ability to Genetically modify crops is an astounding innovation that without it, the world would be facing some serious hunger pains, vitamin deficiencies, and much more. So whether you decide to start reading more, watching more educational shows, or even taking up a free science class, the more we can do to educate ourselves (and eventually others) the better off we’ll be as a society because we will be empowered with a mind trained to discover truth and lies.

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Borne by Jeff VanderMeer, a SciFi review

If I could type out the noise of a standing ovation I would but since I can’t, I’ll settle for writing this review. Jeff VanderMeer has you wrapped up in the story almost instantly! I should probably preface that by saying this was my first read by him but it sure as hell won’t be the last!

Borne initiates in a post-apocalyptic Earth where the whole world has gone to shit basically humans just kept following their own self-destructive path. In this world there’s a company (ingeniously referred to as “the company”) that’s somewhat like Umbrella corporation in resident evil…or Monsanto in real life (JK Monsanto, don’t sue me). “The company” experimented with all the taboo areas of genetics and biotech eventually creating at least one major thing the town near it would learn to fear. I’m referring to a flying (levitating?) sky-scraper sized bear that can make smaller versions of him (about grizzly bear size) with just as much bloodlust of course! Now this isn’t your average yogi the bear environmentally friendly type, in fact he probably starts more fires than he puts out. You can imagine that most people in this world either spend their time hiding from this bear called Mord (he’s quite Mordifying … to be fair my editor said to leave that joke out) or they spend their time dying.

Fear not however because Mord isn’t the only thing causing havoc in the city. Rachel, our main character, has cojones the size of coconuts (she’s a scavenger) and decides one day to jump and climb on Mord’s fur to see what she could find (scavenging is actually pretty common although many people have died doing it). One day, she finds something that almost looked like a blob plant thing glowing on Mord and takes it back with her like an good scavenger would. What Rachel doesn’t know is that what she found wasn’t your everyday household plant. This “plant” ends up being a sentient life form that learns to speak and shapeshift, you could say it was Borne to be wild…ehem.

Rachel is torn juggling raising her new “child” Borne, and calming her lover, Wick’s justifiable caution of the creature, after all most things in this world you either eat or get eaten by. In fact Wick at one point worked for the evil company in question and it’s thanks to his biotech-savviness that Rachel has lived this long. Wick also has reason to suspect Rachel’s newly adopted alien-child may be a weapon of some sort from his old employer (Maybe part of his severance package?). Vandermeer makes us question what it means to be human and even what it means to love. You can’t help falling in love with the characters and find yourself rooting for them when they get into trouble. Some of the greatest moments are the dialog between Rachel and Borne while she is trying to raise him.

‘“I’m going outside. I’m going on a scavenging run. I’ll be back before dark.”

“What’s a ‘scavenging run’?”

“Doing Dew,” I said, “Doing Dew for you.”

“I want to go,” Borne said, as if the city were just another tunnel. “I should go. It’s settled. I’ll go.” He liked to settle things before I could decide.

“You can’t go, Borne,” I said.

But Borne was undaunted by my resistance.

“I have an idea,” he said. “Don’t say no yet.” Another favorite gambit. Don’t say no yet. When had I ever really said no to him? The number of discarded lizard heads gathered in a wastebasket in a far corner of the Balcony Cliffs was testament to that.


“But I said you can’t say no!” In a flurry and fury, he expanded in all directions and covered walls like a rough, green-tinged surreal sea with what now became two huge glowing red eyes, staring down at me from the ceiling. I smelled something burning. He knew I didn’t like that smell. (Unfortunately, he didn’t mind the smell of me farting in retaliation.)’

The language feels so real and that’s what makes the characters so believable, it has you anxious when they’re in danger, laughing when they are joking, and in tears when they feel pain. Not enough for you you might say? Well don’t worry, Wick has an ex-colleague, going by “The Magician” making things more difficult for everyone in their ruined city by trying to take on our lovely mascot, can’t have Mord getting ALL the attention now can we? Listen, all in all this is a great SciFi read and you should definitely give it a gander. If you have read it, leave a comment below and let me know what you thought about it!

Get your own copy of Borne here and let me know what you thought about it.

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10 Must read Sci-fi short stories for July

While some of you are vigorously burning belly fat in preparation for summer and getting your beach body ready, I’ll be running across the state (several times). Between juggling work, playing stepdad to the world’s most wonderful little scientist (Neil DeGrasse Tyson knows kids are natural scientists), and doing my best to be a great partner to the love of my life, I still have to make an effort to get in my SF reads (well in most cases listen(s?)). I want to share 10 SF short stories that I enjoyed reading and/or listening to. They’re not in any particular order but they’re all entertaining. It’s worth noting the majority of these stories come from ClarkesWorld podcasts because they’re convenient when I’m on the run. I definitely recommend you check them out!


  1. Conglomerate by Robert Brice

Sometime in the future where humans are looking for habitable planets, technology has allowed a group of travelers to form a collective consciousness with which to best serve humanity. The group consists of a physicist, mathematician, linguist, critic, judge, soldier, negotiator, in addition to another member named Redondo who seems to be the initial cause of some conflict. This story poses some interesting moral and ethical dilemmas while painting beautiful cosmic visuals and the technology imagined is fun to think about.

Listen here

Read here


  1. Waiting Out the End of the World in Patty’s Place Cafe by Naomi Kritzer

Kritzer creates a world much like our own except there is a large asteroid heading to earth and there’s nothing that can be done about it. Kritzer expertly plays with our value system and sentimentally explores how some people might want to spend their last moments.

Listen here

Read here


  1. Assassins by Jack Skillingstead and Burt Courtier

“Assassins” is set in a future where the majority of people immerse themselves in a virtual world where they can interact with one another much like a modern day MMO except in this world, there are celebrities. Our main character is somewhat of a reclusive person who expertly finds these celebrities inside the virtual world in order to assassinate them. Of course players respond but when a celebrity is killed it does something to them that they never recover from (maybe their ego is brought down). Skillingstead and Courtier bring an interesting point that by killing many celebrities the Assassin becomes somewhat of celebrity as well. This short is to “die for.”

Listen here

Read here


  1. A Series of Steaks by Vina Jie-Min Prasad

In what is possibly one of my favorite short stories, Prasad sets the stage in the near future where underground black markets print meats for restaurants struggling to provide an “authentic” meat experience. Of course printing meats and passing it off as the real thing is a form of forgery which is illegal. Our main character Helena normally keeps a low profile, only accepting small jobs she’s cautious not to get too ambitious since she has a somewhat “ambiguous” past. When a wealthy mystery client uses Helena’s past to blackmail her into fulfilling her largest order yet, she is forced to recruit some help.

Listen here

Read here


  1. Paper Menagerie by Ken Liu

After asking my girlfriend why there was a pile of used tissues so tall Mt. Everest would be jealous, she responded by telling me I had to read this story. “Paper Menagerie” is not just heart-wrenching and sweet, it gives Toy Story 3 a run for its money—Liu’s masterful short story sits at that delicate edge of speculative and literary fiction. It’s a good thing I buy tissues in bulk, you may need to as well.

Read here


  1. Wanting by Jenny Fan Raj

Raj takes a simple story and transforms it to make a great surprise ending. It starts with an intriguing meeting between a wealthy investor and a hungry entrepreneur promising to deliver people nirvana and only becomes more complex from there. I can’t say much more without giving away key plot elements. Read at your own risk.

Read here


  1. The Weight of an Artificial Soul by Malakhai Jonezs

Jonezs’ story is an exploration about human interactions and relationships with artificial intelligence. This thought-provoking read asks about emotions specifically “what is love?” Our main character, Solomon, has his own personal “female” AI named Elise who acts more like his lover. Through his interactions with Elise you see Solomon struggle with how he feels for a machine and how that is even possible? Will he come to terms with his “human” emotions?

Read here


  1. Checkerboard Planet by Eleanor Arnason

In the universe of “Checkerboard Planet,” Artificial intelligence travels around the universe observing intelligent life with minimal intervention, opting to be a benevolent force. Arnason’s AI love to study and help intelligent life, for example they gave humans FTL drives. Since they are so draw to the study of intelligent life, when they find a malicious company illegally harvesting genetic information from life on a new and unique planet they decide to ask for Lydia’s (our main character) help.

Listen here

Read here


  1. Take Your Child to work day report by Maya Beck

Experimental in format, focuses on a world where time travel is possible and how its access is determined by socio-economic status. Like most time traveling stories, this one leaves you with more questions than answers.

Read here


  1. Interchange by Gary Kloster

In a future where companies can enter a “timeless limbo” to complete projects that would take months in literally seconds, they discover there might be risks associated with entering the timeless purgatory. Interchange is a suspense driven thriller that keeps you hooked until the very end.

Listen here

Read here

Note: Wanting and Take your child to work day report are both from Obra Artifact issue 2 and now costs $1 to purchase. When they first release an issue it’s normally free to access until the next issue comes out. I make no money from the sales of Obra Artifact issues.

Cover photo credit came from :

Your Communications Measurement Reading List for August, 2016

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Is Artificial Intelligence good or bad? (Part 1)

In my review about Speaker for the Dead I briefly mentioned the artificial intelligence that accompanies Ender by the name of Jane. There are so many elements to consider when thinking about A.I.; does it already exist, will it create a utopia, will we all be annihilated? Some people think it’ll be the most extraordinary advance to change our lives since the industrial revolution, some think it’ll be the end of humanity as we know it, others still (like myself) are optimistically cautious. Each view holds some merit, especially since Moore’s law (the fact that computing power doubles every two years) has held true for over fifty years. Anything advancing that quickly demands our attention. The moral implications as we hand over decision making processes off to machines are astounding, the automation of killing people in certain military drones is quickly becoming a reality, and the displacement of jobs for the future is also a concrete wall that we’re speeding towards and there are no brakes.

A prime example of someone who believes our moral values are more important now than ever is Zeynep Tufekci. In her Ted Talk from 2016, she makes the case for human morals being more important than ever in a world where we are handing over more and more decision making processes to algorithms and automation we don’t entirely understand.


Zeynep begins with a great anecdote asking whether or not a computer can tell if a person is lying (her boss was asking her because he was cheating on his wife). This raises an interesting question on many levels; 1st can machines detect a lie, 2nd if they can then can they too also lie? Ponder on that for a moment, if a machine could learn that humans sometimes lie to avoid an undesired response could it then too not incorporate what it learned and use it itself? When we think about A.I. we need to consider that until this point machines and computers only had the capacity to do what they were told; humans maintained control. There’s always a person plugging in numbers into a calculator, there’s a person hitting the send button on that Facebook message, there’s a person behind the steering wheel pressing the gas or the brakes when needed. Although we all know we as humans aren’t perfect, we can count on (most) humans to act guided by a sound moral compass. Are we ready to trust machines with the same moral decisions?

A question I’ve pondered a lot lately is if a self-driving car kills someone then does their existence make roadways less safe than human drivers? An interesting article by Business Insider states, “A 2014 Google patent involving lateral lane positioning (which may or may not be in use) followed a similar logic, describing how an AV might move away from a truck in one lane and closer to a car in another lane, since it’s safer to crash into a smaller object.” Can we safely allow A.I. to make life altering decisions for us? How do we set acceptable limits? Zaynep argues that we don’t really have any bench marks or guides for making decisions in complex human affairs. Basically we’re not sure how an A.I. would make its’ decisions, and we don’t like what we don’t know. Zeynep also mentions “Machine Learning” unlike regular programming where its given detailed instructions on how to respond to certain scenarios, machine learning gives the computer tons of information which it then takes and uses to learn. For example, let’s say you show a program one hundred pictures of dogs, all kinds of dogs; it’ll analyze every picture and start to learn the features of a dog. Our programs do this so well that if you later showed it a picture of a cat it would tell you that the picture is “not a dog” if asked. Now that’s a REALLY basic summary but you get the picture (see what I did there?).

This to me is incredibly interesting because I’m one of those people sitting on the fence about A.I., I definitely see the appeal and become excited thinking about all the cures for disease, the technology we could further develop, and how much further we could get in our exploration of the universe if only we had systems like A.I. in place helping to do the research. In that same breath, I also see how giving these machines the ability to make probabilistic decisions in a way we don’t quite understand is worrisome, especially if these systems are put in place for military weapons, transportation systems, and even food and water filtration systems. It’s either a utopia or dystopia…great.

Another consideration is that although the computers will make decisions in ways we may not understand, it still does so using information we give it. Zaynep points out that these systems could pick up on our biases, good or bad. According to her, researchers on Google found that women were less likely than men to be shown job ads for high-paying jobs and searching for African-American names is more likely to bring up ads suggesting criminal history even when there is none. So what kind of future do we want to build? Are we unknowingly making A.I. with the same prejudices we have as a species? What further implications will that have?

All this is great speculation but are we even close enough to developing A.I. to be worried about it? Well, kind of. A blog post by nvida does a pretty good job breaking it down. The basic rundown is currently we’ve been able to program machines and computers to do specific tasks better than humans. This ability is classified as narrow A.I. and includes tasks like playing checkers or facial recognition on Facebook. Simple programs that once it knows the “rules” can execute nearly perfect. The next great step forward was machine learning, this is what Zaynep was referring to when instead of hand coding programmers use algorithms to help machines dissect information which they then use to make their calculated “best” decision. As we discussed earlier though, depending where that initial pool of data came from, there could be bias and even racism “programmed” into the machines unintentionally.

All great things worth considering and I want to know what YOU think about A.I. Are you for it or against it and why? Leave a comment below and I’ll see you on the next Part of Is Artificial Intelligence Good, bad, or neither?


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Speaking about Speaker for the Dead

If you’ve read my first review on Ender’s Game then you probably already know that I’m a fan of the series, what you might not know however is just how different this sequel really is. Allow me to preface this by reiterating that the reason I decided to start reading Ender’s Game was because when I watched the trailer (yes for the movie) I was hooked by battle ships and aliens (which is really all I need to watch/read a SciFi book/film). That being said, Speaker for the Dead takes on a whole different turn and is not nearly as actioned-packed as the first book in the sense that there is no “war” going on… at least not in the traditional sense.

(Spoiler’s from Ender’s Game ahead, read at your own risk)

See after Ender essentially was tricked into killing nearly every bugger in existence he understandably feels a deep sense of regret and heartache (I mean how would you feel if every kill you every got in a video game turned out to be real?). Luckily there was a ray of hope; a phoenix from the ashes in the shape of an unhatched hive queen who can communicate in what I can only assume is telepathy. Since the military basically is indebted to our “Hero,” they give him his own starship and he decides to fly around at light speed with his sister Valentine and our beloved queen in the attempts to find her a new home. Now there’s a lot here that happens politically during and after the war that’s worth mentioning. Ender’s brother, Peter Wiggin, (remember the entire family are geniuses) starts to write influential political pieces alongside his sister (he pretty much manipulated her) under internet aliases to manipulate public opinion on the alien war, international political relations, and other global issues. Well Ender’s sister keeps writing under her Alias and eventually writes a series on the Formic Wars and adds Ender’s The Hive Queen to it.

Since they’re all traveling at light speed hundreds and thousands of years go by (for everyone else) as they travel from planet to planet looking for a home for the hive queen. Humans have now colonized tens of hundreds of planets and Valentine’s work had become almost like a religious text in popularity. Humankind seems to rebuke the actions of Ender Wiggin in this future and of course Ender himself is going by an alias and working as a “Speaker for the dead” now. This is where Speaker for the Dead picks up and continues the adventure.

It’s probably worth mentioning what a “Speaker for the dead” really is at this point. A Speaker in the Ender universe is basically a person that’s usually requested to come out after the death of someone and speak about them and their life in all aspects both good and bad so people could really know who that person was. Think of it as a secular funeral speaking but no real bias is intended since it’s a third party doing the speaking. At this point in humankind, they’ve developed certain protocols in dealing with alien life and eventually humans find intelligent life again on a planet called Lusitania. Since the planet is discovered to harbor such life the humans are only allowed to establish a small colony within certain borders that are never to get past a certain size. They are allowed to study and interact with the aliens (that they call piggies because of how they look) but their every interaction has regulations and limits regarding how they ask questions with the intention being to not affect their natural development (so no sharing tech or teaching them to farm, they’re very primitive in regards to technology).

The whole story revolves around how (mostly because of these regulations) the xenobiologists studying the piggies would often be murdered by them because of the communication regulations. If the humans were allowed to speak freely with them they would’ve been able to understand each other. After the first xenobiologist is killed, one of the colonists requests a Speaker to come on his behalf. Suffice it to say this is not like Ender’s game in the sense that you have and all-out war among different species but what makes this story great is all the depth involved in the Card’s story telling. You have the unhatched Hive queen convincing Ender that the planet Lusitania is perfect for her, while Ender deals with the politics of the Catholic church receiving him (Lusitania is a religious colony), Ender also has an A.I. friend that literally NO ONE knows exists and she helps him out a lot, you have the whole communication barrier with another species, and the drama that comes with the xenobiologist’s family who have been studying the piggies for a few generations now. Although this book isn’t overflowing with violence like Ender’s game, there’s definitely enough moving parts and character development to keep you interested. My guess is if you enjoyed the writing style of Ender’s Game, you’ll like this book too.

The A.I. (Artificial Intelligence) that helps Ender is probably my favorite aspect of this story, her name is Jane. The interesting part about Jane is she doesn’t really know how she was made. After humans started using bugger technology to communicate (the ansible) instantaneously through space, with enough time and random code falling to place Jane basically was created. Slowly but surely she became self-aware and started researching all the information available to her, after researching human history (along with the bugger war) she concludes that for the time being it’s best not to make her existence known for fear that humans would see her as a threat and try and kill her. After some time she finds The Hive Queen and easily connects it to Ender Wiggin and decides if anyone can change human opinion of “different life forms” so they don’t see her as a threat, it’s Ender.

The whole concept of Artificial Intelligence is one that both excites me and scares me simultaneously. The reality is, we’re getting closer to that possibility every day. Baidu’s A.I. team was recently able to teach a virtual agent the same way you would teach a baby human. The short summary is that the virtual agent can get a grasp of grammar and apply what it’s learned to other situations, something that previous computers/programs have an issue with. It looks like a lot of the philosophical questions posed in Orson Scott Card’s Speaker for the Dead might have to be answered (at least discussed) sooner than some of us would like to admit. If we do develop A.I. how to we handle it? Is it morally right to kill it if we perceive it as a potential threat? What if we’re wrong? The list can go on and on, it’s just amazing that we live in a time where a lot of Science fiction has or is becoming science fact!

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Centrifugal force space stations closer than you think

So I wrote a review on what I thought about Ender’s Game here and one thing I mentioned is some of the technology and science that the book and movie showcased. Of course if you read the title you probably guessed that we’re talking about, the battle school space station and how it creates artificial gravity using Centrifugal force. Before I get into this, let me preface this blog by saying Ender’s Game is in no way the first Science fiction story to talk about or use artificial gravity let alone the Centrifugal force method of creating said gravity BUT it was the first time I saw it and started taking an interest in it.

I think one of the simplest ways to explain centrifugal force is with an experiment we did in elementary school with a bucket of water (do they still do experiments in elementary school or am I dating myself?). Does anyone else remember taking that bucket of water and spinning it over your head in a circle as fast as you possibly could? Did anyone else let go and hit someone with the bucket? Me either but what I do remember is that when I spun the water over my head not a drop fell out of the bucket as long as I spun it fast enough. That’s because spinning it in a circle like that forced all the water to stay at the bottom of the bucket, basically the force I created spinning that bucket was an artificial gravity keeping the water on the “floor” of the bucket. If you want more information on Centrifugal force click here, more in depth and scientific.

Just like the water in the bucket, battle school in Ender’s Game would’ve been spinning in a circle and the people on it would be like the water in the bucket, keeping their feet on the ground by the force of the spinning motion. Of course scientists have been thinking of ways to create artificial gravity in space for a while now and frankly, it’s something we’ll need to figure out if we want to travel further into space since the human body loses a lot of bone density if there is no gravity. Well it turns out NASA has been researching this problem for some time now, since at least April 2005 to be exact. In its heading NASA Gives Artificial Gravity a New Spin (got to give props to the pun) they talk about how they were basically putting test subjects on a bed to simulate weightlessness, and some of them would get spun for an hour a day at a force great enough to generate 2.5 times as much gravity as Earth. The purpose of the tests of course is to see just how much less bone deterioration occurred in the test subjects who experienced the gravity. Pretty darn neat right?

You can see here that test subjects might find themselves feeling a little down (see what I did there?) Click the picture for the whole story from NASA.


Okay but that was back in 2005 right? Is there anything related to centrifugal space stations that are more …recent? As a matter of fact there is! According to an article written by, suspiciously also in April 10 years later, there is a company called United Space structures that wants to create the first spinning station that I’m sure will turn some heads (cough cough). Basically they want to make a small version first as proof on concept (which they claim can be done in 12 months) and then they would get started on their final design which would be 330ft in diameter and 1,310ft long. As soon as production starts it would only take 30 years and $300 billion dollars, which in all seriousness doesn’t seem that bad considering what it accomplishes.

muchroom station

At 1,310ft long it’s not just a Mushroom looking station, it’s a muchroom one…(I hear the crickets now)

Basically what I’m trying to say is Ender’s Game battle school (or at least a space station that generates gravity like it) is not too far off in the future, and if that doesn’t excite you all I can say is Geez (as in Gee forces :P)

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Enders Game, my 1st Sci-Fi book

If you’re anything like me I couldn’t wait to graduate from college so I could finally have some free time to read the books I wanted to read instead of the mandatory dribble dictated by my course curriculum. However after graduation I faced a problem I really didn’t think I would have… where to begin? I knew I was into anything space related so I knew Science Fiction would be the genre for me but even with that narrowed down there was still a mountain of books and authors to choose from! Luckily I saw a trailer for a movie (I know, I know, the movies are NEVER as good as the books right?) called Ender’s Game and immediately thought I HAD to check it out. Although I was a little cautious with child actors (scars from The Last Airbender movie *cough cough*) I decided I’d give it a shot mainly because it was in space and there were aliens in it, basically anything with aliens I’m checking out.

So there I was, just a small town boy, living in a lonely Sci-fi world, watching the midnight showing with a bunch of friends (or maybe I was alone). Needless to say I enjoyed the movie and many of the scientific concepts it portrayed. The concept of Battle school for starters, was this large space station that utilized centrifugal force to generate gravity (something we’re looking at accomplishing in the near future by the way link). The anisible was perhaps even more interesting still even if the movie hardly touches on it, basically it is technology that allows the humans to instantaneously communicate with any other human no matter how far in the fabric of space they were. The book does touch a little more on it and how it was reverse engineered from the formic technology but this is definitely something humans will eventually have to face when we start venturing further and further into space. Oh! How could I forget the zero gravity laser tag training room!? Who else saw that and thought forget paintball and sign me up for cramping-disabling laser pain! (I know I did!) Suffice it to say there were enough elements in this movie to get me interested in the book, so I went to my local library (those still exist) and picked up a copy… sort of.

After several trips to the library I actually couldn’t find the book (apparently more than one person had the same idea as me), maybe looking for a book right after its movie had come out wasn’t the brightest move, but lucky for me a friend of mine had a copy she let me borrow. What excited me initially about the book was that there were quite a few books in the Ender universe and I knew if I enjoyed it I would have plenty of material to keep me busy for a while (not the fastest reader here). Without spoiling too much of the book, it was actually pretty close to the movie as far as main plot line but the book painted a more in-depth picture of the entire universe. Orson Scott Card does a fantastic job developing his characters, some of which barely were mentioned in the movie (like Bean my personal favorite, he has his own series which I think is more interesting). The book also delves deeper into the different technologies and how they work. Battle School for instance is explained by using centrifugal force that creates artificial gravity by constantly rotating. They even specify how the closer to the center of the station you got, the less the force of the gravity would become (hence why zero gravity laser tag was at the center of the ship).

All this writing and I just realized I haven’t even gotten to the plot! Basically there are these aliens that invaded Earth years ago called “Buggers” (although officially they are called Formics, and you learn why in one of the prequels called Earth Unaware), Earth was barely able to fend off the first alien invasion but in the aftermath they were able to reverse engineer some fancy war technology and now they were bringing the fight to the nasty buggers. Since the alien menace works a lot like an insect hive, they can change and react to situations very quickly. In order to combat this ever adapting threat, all of humanity unifies under one banner and creates a “Battle school” where they send Earth’s brightest children (the idea being children are much better at adapting to situations on the fly, where adults are much more stuck in their ways) to get the best military training the world has to offer. Ender, coming from a family that apparently has great genetics (both his brother and sister went to battle school), is sent there as humanities last hope.

The book touches on so much more than a simple war among intergalactic neighbors though, it’s intertwined with elements of philosophy and questions relating to whether its right or wrong to kill an entire species. I especially enjoyed the twist of how the Formics communicate, the whole war basically is brought on by the fact that all attempts to communicate with the Formics had failed and they were just assumed to be blood thirsty-warmongering savages. In reality humankind in their arrogance assumed that all species would communicate more or less like humans and there lies the single most contributing factor to the war.

I definitely recommend the book and movie, they both captured my interest (one led me to the other) and I’ve began devouring the series since. Now, now, I’ll be up front and say I’m just starting to get my Science Fiction reading feet wet and am open to recommendations (once I’m finished the series) but in my ever so humble opinion, if you like space, aliens, well developed characters, and of course a good story line pick this book up.

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Book Review: Ender’s Game